ORCID aims to solve the name ambiguity problem in research and scholarly communication by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCiD and other current researcher ID schemes. These identifiers, and the relationships among them, can be linked to the researcher’s output to enhance the scientific discovery process and to improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community. ORCID is a non-profit organization funded by institutional memberships (UChicago will soon be a member), grant-making organizations, and a wide variety of research organizations and publishers.
An ORCiD identifier, or ORCID id, is a persistent, unique, numeric identifier for individual researchers and creators. It distinguishes you from other researchers with the same (or very similar) name and supports automated linkages between you and your research activities. YourORCID record, which includes your ORCiD identifier, holds non-sensitive information such as name, organization, and research activities.
Since many major publishers and other information producers are integrating ORCID identifiers into their products and tools, having an ORCID identifier may help simplify processes like journal article manuscript submission. Some granting agencies (e.g., NIH) are piloting the use of ORCID identifiers to manage granting information.